The Interstate Agreement on Detainers (IAD) is a compact among U.S. states that allow for the movement of prisoners between states to face charges, complete sentences, or attend court appearances. The IAD is based on the Detainer Agreement, which was first created in 1937 and revised in 1956.
The IAD provides a standard form that requesting states use and send to the receiving state. This form is known as Detainer Form 2 and is used by law enforcement officials to initiate the process of transferring a prisoner from one state to another.
The purpose of Detainer Form 2 is to provide the receiving state with information about the prisoner, including their name, current location, and the charges they face. The form also includes information about the requesting state and the purpose of the transfer.
Under the IAD, a prisoner may be transferred temporarily to face charges or attend court appearances, or permanently to serve their sentence in the receiving state. The receiving state may also release the prisoner to the requesting state after a certain amount of time has passed, or if the charges have been dropped or the sentence has been completed.
One of the benefits of the IAD is that it streamlines the process of transferring prisoners between states. This helps to reduce delays, ensures that prisoners are held accountable for their crimes, and helps to promote public safety.
However, there are also challenges associated with the IAD. For example, coordinating the transfer of prisoners between states can be complex and time-consuming. Some states may also have different laws and procedures for handling prisoners, which can create confusion and further delays.
Overall, the IAD and Detainer Form 2 provide an important mechanism for ensuring that prisoners are held accountable for their actions, regardless of where they are located. As such, it is vital that law enforcement officials and policymakers continue to support and improve this important tool for promoting public safety and justice.